A number of treatment options are available for peripheral neuropathy. The most commonly used treatment methods include traditional pills, special diet plans, creams, natural therapies, etc. in order to provide the required stimulation to the nervous system. For some patients, the antidepressants, mainly selective serotonin-norepinephrine re-uptake inhibitors and tricyclics, are the preferred treatment for neuropathic pain, neuropathy or nerve damage. These treatment options are helpful in relieving neuropathic pain. Anticonvulsant is also a type of medication that is commonly given for neuropathy, as it can limit the pain by jamming calcium channels on neurons. Opioid narcotic is also used for neuropathy treatment but the medication is less preferred because the risk of dependency is higher. However, the opioids are considered to be the most effective in reducing neuropathic pain.
Depending on the type of neuropathy, like post-herpes neuralgia, treatment with a topical anesthetic such as lidocaine is recommended by physicians. To treat neuropathic pain, people have been using the topical application of capsaicin, which is a chemical that makes peppers hot.
Other medicinal remedies for peripheral neuropathy include Botulinum Toxin Type A – also known as Botox, cannabinoids – the chemicals present in marijuana, NMDA antagonists like ketamine, dietary supplement NutriNerve – consisting of ingredients including gamma lioniec acid (GLA), alpha lipoic acid (ALA), and benfotiamine (vitamin B1), yoga, meditation, chiropractic massages, cognitive therapy, and acupuncture.
Neuromodulators are the most favored treatment option for neuropathy. This medicinal remedy incorporates both implantable and non-implantable technologies like spinal cord stimulators, electrodes, and implanted spinal pumps that help in stimulating the motor cortex of the brain and methods known as deep brain stimulation.